What is NON RARE IN EUROPE: Periventricular leukomalacia?
A rare neurologic condition characterized by focal periventricular necrosis and diffuse cerebral white matter injury. It most commonly occurs in premature infants. Signs of brain damage typically begin to show in early childhood. Long-term outcomes depend on the extent of the white matter injury and include cognitive delay, motor delay, vision and hearing impairment, and cerebral palsy.